Animal GLANDERS

Animal GLANDERS

DEFINATION = It is highly communicable contagion is bacterial disease of horses may be found in acute or chronic condition and it is characterized by septicemia and high fever ,nodes ,or ulcers in tha respiratory track thick mucopurulent discharge from the nostrils and oedematous swelling of maxillary lymph nodes. Animal GLANDERS is zoonotic disease due to this animal is treated with precaution and senitatization is done before and after treatment.

Animal GLANDERS

Animal GLANDERS ETIOLOGY= malleomyces mallei ; Gram – negative;rod shape ,non spore forming ,non motile very sensitive to light and chemicals .

TRANSMISSION=
1) by inhalation
2) by cuts (abrasions) this bacteria enters into body .
3) by contaminated feed and water
4) by contact with lab animals
5) saliva ,tears,urine,and feaces of animal

Animal GLANDERS SYMPTOMS=two forms are seen in animal .

Animal GLANDERS

1)ACUTE FORM = high fever,coughing ,nasal discharge ulcer or nodules in repiratory tract of animal
2)CHRONIC FORM = in chronic tere are 3 three form are prensent .

1) pulmunary form = epistaxis and chronic cough in animal

Animal GLANDERS

2)NASAL FORM =

a)there are nodules in nasal spetum in the animal
b)unilateral nasal discharge in animal
c)ulcer formation in animal

3)CUTANEOUS FORM (FARCY) =
a) nodules on body of animal
b) purulent foul smell nasal dischage in animal
c) swelling of lymph nodes(LN) near head and neck of animal

DIAGNOSIS =
1) typical symptoms in animal
2) by mallein test = this should be done at the age of 6 month then every year

PROCEDURE =
1) inject 0.1 to 0.2 ml of mallein antigen in eye at intradermopalperbral (lower eye lid )

2) if there is lacrimal discharge, then wash the eye with normal saline solution (NSS)

3) if there is oedema or pain or conjuctivitis (redness) then positive for glanders.

4) in case of suspected animal (no pain, less lacrimal discharge, less swelling ) repeat this procedure again. if again pain, conjunctivitis then positive for glanders.

PRECAUTIONS =

1)Wash your hands before and after test .
2) use gloves on hands.
3) cover your mouth and nose
4) the test should be done if the swelling is already in eye

TREATMENT = there is no treatment for this disease .

PREVENTION AND CONTROL =

1) proper sanitation ,hygenic condition for animal
2) proper regular mallein test of equines.
3) proper disposal of dead animals.
4) destroy the animal if found positive by mallein test under farcy act 1899 .No one can keep this type of animal .

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