COVID-19 LIKE DISEASE IN BIRDS

                          COVID-19 LIKE DISEASE IN BIRDS

C.R.D ( CHRONIC RESPIRATORY DISEASE ) OR INFECTIOUS SINUSITIS OF TURKEY =

DEFINITION = It is infectious disease of birds ( mainly turkeys) Turkeys are more susceptible to M-gallisepticum and frequently resulting in swollen infraorbital sinus and is called infectious sinusitis . These diseases affect chickens and turkeys  worldwide and causing the most significant economic losses in large commercial operations and also commonly seen in non-commercial.

 

COVID-19 LIKE DISEASE IN BIRDS

 

 

ETIOLOGY= This disease is mainly caused by bacteria called Mycoplasma gallisepticum .

 

COVID-19 LIKE DISEASE IN BIRDS

 

 

 

TRANSMISSION = This disease is mainly transmit by four routes:-

1) BY CONTACT = This means the disease is easily spread in a farm or a particular area and cause massive death of birds.

2) BY CONTAMINATED FEED AND WATER = If the feed and water is contaminated by this disease it take less time to spread and frequency of spreading of disease is high and cover a large farm within one or two days . Due to this massive economic lose is happen .

3) BY AIR TRANSMISSION = This route of transmission is very easy to spread disease in a particular area or farm .

 

COVID-19 LIKE DISEASE IN BIRDS

 

SYMPTOMS =
1) They shake their heads frequently, cough and sneeze, and commonly have mucous discharges from the nostrils and eyes.

2) Loss of appitide is secondary symptoms of this disease .

3) In this disease bird suffer from diarrhoea which have very foul smell.

4) BY POST MORTEM STUDY OF DEAD INFECTED BIRD = Birds have tracheitis and saculitis ( inflammation of air sacks ) of
birds or turkeys.

DIAGNOSIS OF CHRONIC RESPIRATORY DISEASE OF BIRDS =

1) By symptoms of disease which are show in this disease .

2) By post mortem study = Turkeys have tracheitis and saculitis ( inflammation of air sacks)

3) By blood agglutination test .

TREATMENT OR FIRST AID OF BIRDS =

1) Injection streptomycin 25 mili gram per kilogram of body weight of bird . this injection is give to birds through intra mascular route .

2) Hostacycline powder – 5 gram per liter of water is give to birds for 5 to 7 days .

CONTROLS AND PREVENTION OF INFECTIOUS SINUSITIS DISEASE =

1) Provide vitamin – A in feed or diet of birds .

2) Hostacycline powder 5 gm per gallon ( 5 liters ) of water is mix and give to birds .

3) Do regular changing of bed and liter of birds .

COVID-19 LIKE DISEASE IN BIRDS

 

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