management of calves or new born ruminant

 

managment and feeding of calves or new born ruminant

Feeding of dairy calves =

:- The nutrient requirement of calves divided into two phases

:- 1.) Pre ruminant growth period( before rumen is automatically and physiologically develop)

2.) Post ruminant

Colostrum feeding:-Colostruclaf m is the first milk of mother secreted immediately after the birth of newborn. It is richer in protein, fat, vit.A , some minerals. It also contain antibodies which provide immune protection to the calf from many disease. Colostrum also has laxative property which helps in expelling Meconium. The calf should be feed colostrums as early as possible and positively within ½ an hour of the birth. Colostrum feeding should be continue upto 4 days of age upto 3-4 litre/day where dam is not available than 2 eggs and 30 ml castor oil should be fed.

Common feeding practices for different categories of livestock

:- Feeding schedule of calves upto 3 months of age:

COMPOSITION OF ARTIFICIAL COLOSTRUM=

  1. Warm water- 275 ml

  2. Raw egg – 55 g

  3. Castor oil – 30 ml

  4. Vitamin A – 10,000 IU

  5. Warm whole milk – 525 ml ( divide in 3 parts)

  6. Mix well and feed 3 times

  7. Milk replacer composition ( 1 quintal)

  8. Wheat – 10 kg

  9. Fish meal – 12 kg

  10. Linseed meal – 40 kg

  11. Dry milk – 13 kg

  12. Coconut oil- 7 kg

  13. Linseed oil – 3 kg

  14. Citric acid – 1.4 kg

  15. Mollases – 10 Kg

  16. Butyric acid -0.3 kg

  17. Mineral mixture – 1kg

Auorofac- 0.3kg

CALF STARTER =It is a solid feed consisting of ground grains, oil cakes, animal protein supplements and brans fortified with vitamins, minerals and antibiotic feed supplements. It should contain 23-26% CP , DCP 18.8-19.5% and 75%TDN

Use of antibiotics helps in checking the occurrence of scour. The daily allowance of antibiotic preparation is generally 3 to 6g.

A calf needs a relatively large proportion of protein in its ration so as to furnish the basic building blocks(amino acids) for the rapid growth of its tissues. The proportion of protein in the ration should be less as the animal grows older. The quality of protein given to the calf depends on the age of the calf. Since the rumen is not developed, the protein in the calf ration should be of high body volume. Milk replacers and calf starters should contain some animal proteins. If calves receive sufficient milk up to the age of 2 months, the supply of good quality protein is ensured. Once the rumen is developed, the microflora present in the rumen can convert inferior type of protein into better quality microbial protein, which can be utilized by the animal by digestion in the abomasums and further .managment of calves or new born ruminant

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