Top 10 Common Vices of dairy Animals and Their Prevention and Care)
VICES OF DAIRY ANIMALS:-
1. Head rubbing=
Cattle which are confined to stalls for extend periods, such as winters, may
rub their heads repeatedly against some part of the stall.
This behaviour is more noticeable in horn breeds and more in bulls than in
Remedy: Application of suitable restraint imposed upon the affect animals.
2. Eating solid objects=
Develops in cattle and sheep due to Phosphorus deficiency.
Remedy: Injection of phosphorus or supplementation through feed.
3. Eating of soil, sand or dirt=
Develops in cattle due to mineral deficient diet.
Remedy: Supplementation of phosphorus and iron through feed.
4. Licking and eating own hair, wool=
Mainly develops in young animal when shifted to groups from individual
This results in ingestion of large quantities of hair wick aggregates into hair
balls or bezoars in the rumen.
5. Tongue rolling=
The tongue is extruded from the mouth and moved by curling and uncurling
outside or inside the mouth with no solid material present.
This condition occurs in all ages and breeds.
6. Eye rolling=
The eyes are move around in the orbit at a time when no visible object is present.Normally seen in calves confine in crates and stand immobile for extend period.
7. Sucking and eating solid objects=
- This can be controlled by regular paint of creosote on wood surface.
- Feeding good quality concentrate and roughage will minimize the incidence.
8. Intersucking or milk sucking by adult animals=
This behaviour involves a cow or bull sucking milk from the udder of a cow.
This vice may lead to loss of milk yield and damage to teat. Proper feeding
management and herd supervision can minimize such incidents.
VICES OF SHEEP AND GOAT
Wool pulling and wool eating=
Wool pulling is a form of abnormal behaviour which occurs in sheep within
confinement enclosure and indoor management systems.
Over crowding and deficiency of roughage in the diet are the responsible agents
for this vice.
Stealing young / lamb stealing=
Pre-parturient ewes, cows and mares often approach, sniff and remain close to the
new born young onces of other members of the group. This leads to reduced maternal
support to the young ones.
In lamb stealing, the foster mother may later reject her own lamb when it born.
Remedy: This problem can be control by remove the ewe from the group
before and very soon after parturition.
VICES OF PIGS
- Jaw movements like chewing food in sows which has no food in its mouth.
- This is common in sows kept singly in stalls in which no litter is provide.
Symptoms: Periodic chewing, mouth gaping and frothing.
Remedy: Sows should be given straw or saw dust to chew and root. A change to group
–housing system is the best way to alleviate the adverse effects on sows.
Pressing an automatic drinker repeatedly without ingesting the water. Common in
3. Head rubbing=
In pigs sometimes observed when housed in a narrow single stall.
Remedy : Application of suitable restraint imposed upon the affect animals.
These are Top 10 Common Vices of dairy Animals and Their Prevention and Care.